Battle Area Clearance (BAC): The systematic and controlled clearance of dangerous areas where the explosive hazards are known not to include landmines. [Source: Landmine Monitor 2016]
Civil Society: Civil society is the “third sector” of society, along with government and business. It comprises civil society organizations and non-governmental organizations.” It includes organizations such as academia, community clubs and organizations, NGOs, political parties, religions organizations and unions. [Source: un.org]
Demining: The set of activities that lead to the removal of mine and ERW hazards, including survey, mapping, clearance, marking, and the handover of cleared land. [Source: Landmine Monitor 2016]
Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD): The detection, identification, evaluation, rendering safe, recovery, and disposal of explosive ordnance. [Source: Landmine Monitor 2016]
Explosive Remnant of War (ERW): Under Protocol V to the Convention on Conventional Weapons, explosive remnants of war are defined as unexploded ordnance and abandoned explosive ordnance. Mines are explicitly excluded from the definition. [Source: Landmine Monitor 2016]
Improvised Explosive Device (IED): A device placed or produced in an improvised manner incorporating explosives or noxious chemicals. An improvised explosive device (IED) may be victim-activated or command-detonated. Victim-activated IEDs are banned under the Mine Ban Treaty, but command-detonated IEDs are not. [Source: Landmine Monitor 2016]
- Victim-activated IED: An IED which is detonated by the victim.
- Remote-activated IED: An IED that is detonated on command from a distance, often wirelessly using a mobile phone.
- Vehicle-borne IED (VBIED): A vehicle outfitted with an IED; often referred to colloquially as a ‘car bomb.’
International Campaign to Ban Landmines (ICBL): The ICBL “is a global network of non-governmental organizations, active in some 100 countries, that works for a world free of antipersonnel landmines, where landmine survivors can lead fulfilling lives.” The ICBL conducts and supports a broad away of mine action initiatives, and produces The Landmine Monitor, an annual report on mine action worldwide. The ICBL’s mandate also includes cluster munitions, which it reports on in the annual Cluster Munition Monitor. [Source: icbl.org]
Landmine: any one of several types of explosive weapon buried in the ground.
- Antipersonnel mine: According to the Mine Ban Treaty, an antipersonnel mine “means a mine designed to be exploded by the presence, proximity or contact of a person and that will incapacitate, injure or kill one or more persons.” [Source: Landmine Monitor 2016]
- Antitank mine: a type of antivehicle mine designed to damage or destroy tanks.
- Antivehicle mine: According to the Mine Ban Treaty, an antivehicle mine is a mine designed “to be detonated by the presence, proximity or contact of a vehicle as opposed to a person.” [Source: Landmine Monitor 2016]
- Blast mine: a category of antipersonnel mine designed to inflict injury through the force of an explosive blast, which usually results in the loss of a foot.
- Fragmentation mine: a category of antipersonnel mine designed to inflict injury by spreading shrapnel across a wide area.
Mines Action Canada (MAC): is an Ottawa-based “coalition of Canadian non-governmental organizations […] leader working to eliminate the serious humanitarian, environmental and development consequences of landmines and other explosive remnants of war.” [Source: minesactioncanada.org]
Non-governmental organization (NGO): is a non-profit organization that exists independently from state governments and inter-governmental organizations.
Unexploded Ordnance (UXO): Unexploded ordnance (UXO) refers to munitions that were designed to explode but for some reason failed to detonate. [Source: Landmine Monitor 2016]
United Nations Mine Action Service (UNMAS): As the United Nations’ primary mine action body, “UNMAS leads, coordinates and implements all aspects linked to the mitigation of the threats from mines and explosive remnants of war.” [Source: mineaction.org]