The Issues

The Ottawa Treaty

The Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on their Destruction – more commonly referred to as the Ottawa Treaty or Mine Ban Treaty – was open for signature between 3 December 1997 and 1 March 1999. Once the treaty closed for signature it entered into force, and since then non-signatory states who wish to join have been bound to a process of accession. Article 16 (2) stipulates that the treaty is open for accession by any non-signatory state.